Coating resistance to abrasion and scratches

Martindale Abrasion & Piling Tester

The Martindale test is a simulation of long-term use of fabrics, which allows you to determine their abrasion resistance. The principle of the Martindale test is that samples are rubbed against a standard abrasive in a constantly changing pattern that ensures that the surface fibers of the samples are bent in every direction.
  • ISO 12945-2
  • ISO 12947 1-4
  • ASTM D4966


The TRIBOTOUCH® device is used to simulate rubbing with fingers (including fingernails, shoe soles) on any surface. In addition to purely mechanical loading, the corresponding chemical environment can also be simulated. Various tests can be performed using different tips and settings.
  • Abrasion of markings and inscriptions by erasing them with fingers and hands - PN-EN 60068-2-70
  • Nail test - GS 97034-2
  • Shoe sole test - GS 97034-3
  • Variable shoe sole test - GS 97034-11

TABER Multi-Finger Tester

The TABER® Multi-Finger Scratch/Mar Tester is used to measure the resistance or susceptibility of a material surface to scratching, damage, gouging, scraping, engraving and other similar physical damage that is not classified as normal wear and tear.

Scratch Tester Erichsen

The Erichsen® Scratch Tester allows you to make precise scratches at intervals of up to 0.5 mm. It also has the ability to imitate damage, e.g. scratching with a coin.
  • PV 3974
  • PV 3952
  • TPJLR.52.008
  • GS 97034-8

TABER Linear Abraser - Model 5750

The apparatus is designed to test the resistance of materials and products to surface abrasion and to assess the relative strength or susceptibility of the material surface to physical damage such as wear and abrasion, scratching, gouging, scratching, abrasion, color transfer (usually called color fastness) and others.

The linear abrasion tester can be used for both dry and wet tests. It is designed to test samples of virtually any size and shape.

  • ISO 105-X12
  • PV 3906
  • D42 1775
  • AA-0134

Rotary abrasion tester - TABER Abraser - Model 5135

It is a device designed for accelerated material wear tests. The test consists in mounting a flat sample on a movable platform, which rotates around its axis at a given speed. Two abrasive discs are lowered onto the surface of the test sample and pressed with appropriate force. The wheels turn in opposite directions and make a full circle on the surface of the sample. This system allows the abrasion resistance of the material to be tested in every direction, regardless of the structure, weave or grain pattern in the material.

  • ISO 15082
  • ISO 7784-2
  • ISO 5470-1
  • ISO 10074
  • SAE J365
  • DIN 53754

Schopper's method

A popular method for assessing abrasion resistance. This method is tested for textile products.
Test parameters:
  • sample curvature,
  • abrasion surface,
  • emphasis,
  • abrasive material,
  • number of cycles
  • PV 3908
  • DIN 53863-2
  • GME 60345

Laboratory Car Wash - simulation of conditions in an automatic car wash

The Institute has a stand that recreates the conditions in an automatic car wash. Using our Laboratory Car Wash, we can simulate the conditions that car paints and other surfaces are subjected to in automatic car washes.
Example standards:
  • PN-EN ISO 20566
  • AA 0054
  • PV 3.3.3

Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Coatings by Falling Abrasive

Determination of the resistance of a coating to abrasion by the free falling abrasive material method.
  • The laboratory has abrasive materials (e.g. corundum, abrasive iron, etc.) that meet various customer requirements.
Sample test norms:
  • ISO 7784-1
  • GMW15487
  • FIAT 50488
Document No. Title/Description
ISO 7784-1 Paints and varnishes - Determination of resistance to abrasion - Part 1: Method with abrasive-paper covered wheels and rotating test specimen
PN-EN ISO 20566 Paints and varnishes - Determination of the scratch resistance of a coating system using a laboratory-scale car-wash
AA 0054 Resistance of Coatings to Car-wash Machines
PV 3.3.3 Scratch Resistance of Clear Coats
PV 3908 Wear Resistance
DIN 53863-2 Testing of textiles; abrasion test methods for textile fabrics, rotary abrasion test
GME 60345 Test Method for the Determination of the Resistance to Wear of Automotive Trim Materials
PN-EN 60068-2-70 Environmental testing -- Part 2: Tests - Test Xb: Abrasion of markings and letterings caused by rubbing of fingers and hands
GS 97034-3 Shoe sole test
GS 97034-2 Nail test
GS 97034-11 Variable shoes sole test
PV 3974 Plastic interior components- Determination of the writing strength of injection-molded grained surfaces in vehicle interiors
PV 3952 Plastic Interior Components. Testing of Scratch Resistance
TPJLR.52.008 Scratch Resistance. Assessment of Scratch Performance - Crosshatch Method
GS 97034-8 Surface test of motor vehicle interior materials. Determination of the scratch inclination
ISO 105-X12 X12 - Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing
PV 3906 Testing of Abrasion Behaviour
D42 1775 Internal and External Plastic Parts - Wear and Scratch Resistance
AA-0134 Crockmeter test head
ISO 15082 Road vehicles — Tests for rigid plastic safety glazing materials
ISO 7784-2 Paints and varnishes — Determination of resistance to abrasion — Part 2: Method with abrasive rubber wheels and rotating test specimen
ISO 5470-1 Rubber- or plastics-coated fabrics — Determination of abrasion resistance — Part 1: Taber abrader
ISO 10074 Anodizing of aluminium and its alloys — Specification for hard anodic oxidation coatings on aluminium and its alloys
SAE J365 Method of Testing Resistance to Scuffing of Trim Materials
DIN 53754 Testing of plastics; determination of abrasion, abrasive disk method
GMW15487 Determining the Resistance to Abrasion of Organic Coating
FIAT 50488 Determination of abrasion resistance of protective coatings by metallic grit - blasting